The consequences of involuntary childlessness are much more dramatic in developing countries and can create more wide ranging societal problems compared to Western societies, particularly for women. When I started to work on this project in Tehran, I met Mrs. Kashefi at the north of city. "Having children is the priority in Iran" tearfully she said "my family and my husbandâ€™s family don't know anything about my infertility." She explains me about her difficulties to get pregnant. Describing the infertility treatments she is going through that continue to fail, all drugs she take and she told me about her decision to undergo In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Currently, Iran has the most progressive stance toward infertility treatments and use of the Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) has been used more than any others Muslims countries.