On July 31st 2015 the enclaves that formed one of the world's most complicated borders were officially absorbed in to the countries that surrounded them in a land-mark land swap between India and Bangladesh. The people that lived in them will finally receive citizenship. Enclaves are small pockets of sovereign land completely surrounded by another sovereign nation. Approximately 160 enclaves, known as chitmahals, exist on either side of the India-Bangladesh border. For 68 years the 50,000 plus inhabitants of these enclaves have lived a difficult existence, stranded from their home nation and ignored by the country that surrounds them. In theory even leaving their enclaves is illegally crossing an international border and for decades it has been very difficult for them to receive even the most basic of rights whether education or health. Even the police have no jurisdiction in the enclaves leaving them essentially lawless.
Luke Duggleby is an award-winning freelance British photographer specialising in Asia. After completing a degree in Photography in the UK he moved to Asia, first China and then to Bangkok, Thailand, where he have been based for 12 years. He travels around the continent, and further afield, shooting travel, portraiture and editorial assignments as well as personal documentaries for some of the worlds biggest names in media and NGO’s. CLIENTS: The Sunday Times Magazine (UK), National Geographic Magazine, The Smithsonian Magazine, WWF, The Guardian Magazine, Chrysler, The Guardian Magazine, Stern, Monocle, WHO, TIME, GEO France, PepsiCo, GEO Germany, Greenpeace, The New York Times, Geographical Magazine (UK), Newsweek, The Wall Street Journal, Protection International, USAID, Gain Alliance, UNDP, Die Zeit Magazine.