More than 50% of the worlds lithium resources occur in South America, in the lithium Triangle of Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. The Salar de Atacama salt flats in northern Chile contain more than a quarter of the world‘s lithium supplies. It’s one of the driest and least populated places on Earth. But the metal industries are changing the landscape. The biggest lithium evaporation production site globally is even visible from space. Lithium is extracted from the ground in huge evaporation pools. Approximately 2,2 million litres of water are needed to produce one ton of lithium.